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Hyperthyroidism, or overactive thyroid, is a metabolic disorder in which the thyroid gland produces too much thyroxine.
The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped gland located in the base of the neck just below the Adam nut. Despite its small size, is very important.
The thyroid gland produces two main hormones, thyroxine (T 4) and triiodothyronine (T-3). These hormones maintain the rate at which the body uses fats and carbohydrates, help control your body temperature, influence your heart rate and help regulate the production of proteins. The thyroid also produces calcitonin, a hormone that helps regulate the amount of calcium in the blood.
Symptoms of hyperthyroidism
Hyperthyroidism can significantly accelerate the body’s metabolism, causing the following symptoms:
• Goiter (this is an enlarged thyroid gland that appears as a swelling at the base of the neck)
• Sudden weight loss. You lose weight even when the urge to eat and the amount of food are the same or increase.
• Increased appetite.
• Fatigue and muscle weakness.
• More frequent bowel movements and other changes in bowel patterns.
• tachycardia (increased heart rate) which is usually higher than 100 beats per minute.
• Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat).
• Palpitations.
• Excessive sweating.
• Increased sensitivity to heat.
• Irritability, nervousness and anxiety.
• Tremors in the hands and fingers.
• Changes in menstrual cycle regularity.
• Difficulty sleeping.
• fine, brittle hair.
• Graves’ ophthalmopathy.
Treatment of hyperthyroidism
There are several options available for the treatment of hyperthyroidism. Are commonly used radioactive iodine and thyroid meds to decrease the production of thyroid hormones.
Sometimes surgery may be chosen simply and completely or partially remove the thyroid gland.
Most people do not have major problems when they are diagnosed and given proper treatment.

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